Browse Publications Technical Papers 2002-01-0883
2002-03-04

Torque Converter CFD Engineering Part I: Torque Ratio and K Factor Improvement Through Stator Modifications 2002-01-0883

To improve vehicle launch feeling, the powertrain torque output needs to be largely increased. Compared with modifications to engine, transmission, and axle, one of the most inexpensive ways of achieving this goal is to modify the torque converter to get a higher stall torque ratio. In other applications, in order to lower engine speed for better fuel economy, and to match with a higher output engine, a converter with higher torque capacity (lower K factor) is also often desired. In some case of small-volume production, the torque converter modifications are limited to the stator only in order to reduce the manufacturing cost. In the present study, the engineering CFD simulations were used to develop new stators for stall torque ratio and K factor improvement. The flow fields of both baseline and modified torque converters were simulated. The overall performances of the converter were calculated from the flow field data, and correlated with the dyno test data. The flow fields are interpreted to explain the fluid dynamic reasons of improvement. One-dimension rationales to improve performances of converter are also presented and discussed in this paper.

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