A Study of Lean NOx Technology for Diesel Emission Control 2002-01-0956
The aim of this paper is to investigate the potential of Lean NOx technology for diesel emission control. In this work, the focus is on the precious metal (low temperature) catalyst. Engelhard optimized the catalyst for cells per square inch (cpsi) and Platinum loading. Effect of various parameters, including, reductant type, catalyst volume, space velocity range and injector locations were investigated both analytically and experimentally at Cummins in search for the optimum system design. Both steady state and transient tests were conducted in this work. The precious metal catalysts have a narrow temperature window, however, with the use of proper reductant and an efficient control strategy (to minimize fuel penalty) cycle conversion efficiencies as high as 40% may be obtained for FTP-75. The analysis tool developed to aid the system design is capable of predicting effects of catalyst temperature, NOx concentration, O2 concentration, space velocity etc. on NOx conversion efficiency.