Development of an Electrical 4WD System for Hybrid Vehicles 2002-01-1043
In June 2001, Toyota introduced its second hybrid vehicle to the Japanese market. It adopted a newly developed hybrid system that includes the world's first electrical four-wheel drive (4WD) system. In the development of this electrical 4WD system, it was necessary to determine the required rear motor torque to allow practical 4WD performance while maintaining excellent fuel economy. Initially, the factors affecting 4WD performance were quantitatively analyzed and then the rear wheel drive unit torque was optimized. This results in a new hybrid vehicle with practical 4WD performance and high efficiency.