Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) engines have become a promising alternative to classical IC engines because of low pollutant and carbon dioxide emissions. This paper will first briefly summarize these advantages and then concentrate on the modeling and the control of CNG engines.
In the modeling part, it will be shown which effects are similar to those observed in gasoline SI engines and what new sub-models are necessary. In the control part, the problem of sudden A/F ratio changes (for instance during the regeneration of NOx trap catalysts) will be considered. In order to avoid excessive NOx engine-out emission in these transients it is important to switch from lean to rich conditions within very few combustion cycles while keeping the engine torque constant (for comfort reasons).
The paper presents a model of the most important phenomena associated with those transients and a feedforward control that meets the mentioned requirements. Both simulation results and experimental validation are shown.