Browse Publications Technical Papers 2002-01-1373

Comparison of Quenching Processes for Hardening a Coil Spring 2002-01-1373

Intensive quenching has been proposed as a new or underused technology for heat treatment of steel parts that offers the capability of improved product performance due to highly compressive surface residual stresses. However, the science behind intensive quenching has not been well documented in terms of evolution of microstructure and stress. Using the heat treat simulation software, DANTE™, conventional oil quenching and intensive quenching of an automotive coil spring made from 9260 steel are compared to examine differences between the two quenching methods. From these analyses, both methods are predicted to produce nearly the same metallurgical phases and amounts thereof. However, there is a significant difference between the processes with respect to the temperature history and the timing of austenite decomposition on the surface versus in the part core. This large difference in the timing of martensite formation during intensive quenching is responsible for the achievement of high compressive surface stresses in this part.


Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »


Members save up to 18% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: With TechSelect, you decide what SAE Technical Papers you need, when you need them, and how much you want to pay.

Due to current capacity constraints, printed versions of our publications - including standards, technical papers, EDGE Reports, scholarly journal articles, books, and paint chips - may experience shipping delays of up to two weeks. We apologize for any inconvenience.