Browse Publications Technical Papers 2002-01-1503

Development of Military Biodegradable Hydraulic Fluids 2002-01-1503

U.S. Army Tank-Automotive RD&E center is currently developing biodegradable hydraulic fluids (BHFs) to replace military industrial and mobile hydraulic fluids that are incompatible with environment. Currently, the biodegradable hydraulic fluids are formulating with renewable products such as rapeseed, sunflower, corn, soybean, and canola and synthetic ester. These types of fluids are currently considered less toxic and more biodegradable than conventional hydraulic fluids.
During the 1994-2000, a market study was conducted to determine whether renewable hydraulic fluids would be suitable in military applications. In this study, twenty-six (26) renewable hydraulic fluids were evaluated against proposed target requirements. As a follow-up action, a field demonstration was conducted using ten construction equipment at Fort Bliss TX. To validate the environmental property, a field biodegradation test was also conducted at the re-mediation site of Fort Hood, TX. Based on the test results, a BHF specification (MIL-PRF-32073) was developed for use in the military construction and tactical equipment.


Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »


Members save up to 18% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: With TechSelect, you decide what SAE Technical Papers you need, when you need them, and how much you want to pay.

Due to current capacity constraints, printed versions of our publications - including standards, technical papers, EDGE Reports, scholarly journal articles, books, and paint chips - may experience shipping delays of up to two weeks. We apologize for any inconvenience.