Browse Publications Technical Papers 2002-01-1630
2002-05-06

Direct Injection of Natural Gas in a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine 2002-01-1630

The high-pressure direct injection (HPDI) of natural gas permits diesel engines to retain their performance and high fuel economy while reducing regulated emissions. In the work presented in this paper, a pilot diesel fuel ignites directly injected natural gas, and both fuels are injected through a single injector. Recently the HPDI engine achieved a combined NOx+nmHC emissions of 2.38 g/bhp-hr during official certification tests performed under the US EPA specified FTP cycle for heavy-duty diesel engines. NOx, nmHC and PM emissions were reduced by 45%, 85% and 71%, respectively, compared to the 1998 EPA emissions requirement. These results are consistent with previously reported results on a two-stroke engine. The present study clearly demonstrates that a combination of gas injection timing and pressure can significantly reduce NOx emissions while retaining the overall thermal efficiency.

SAE MOBILUS

Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »

Access SAE MOBILUS »

Members save up to 43% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: With TechSelect, you decide what SAE Technical Papers you need, when you need them, and how much you want to pay.
X