Browse Publications Technical Papers 2002-01-1639
2002-05-06

Effects of Gasoline Driveability Index, Ethanol and Intake Valve Deposits on Engine Performance in a Dynamometer-Based Cold Start and Warmup Procedure 2002-01-1639

A discriminating dynamometer-based test was developed for evaluating cold start and warmup engine performance based on in-cylinder pressure measurements. The dynamometer test offers advantages in time required, flexibility and reduced variability over the vehicle procedure on which it was based. A parametric study on fuel driveability index (DI), ethanol content and intake valve deposit (IVD) rating demonstrated that each of these parameters had a statistically significant impact on engine cold start performance. Simple numerical offsets to fitted models based on oxygen content of the fuel did not account for the difference in engine performance of hydrocarbon-only versus ethanol-containing fuels. The effect of IVD on engine performance did not appear to depend on the DI of the fuel. The benefits of cleaner valves are seen even in fuels of very low DI.

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