N2O Emissions from Vehicles Equipped with Three-Way Catalysts in a Cold Climate 2002-01-1717
Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a strong green house effect gas and three-way catalyst is one of the major sources. N2O is mostly emitted at temperatures during the process of light off in the catalyst and the frequency of this temperature range over total temperature range distribution affects strongly on N2O emission.
The effect of cold ambient on N2O emission was analyzed based on N2O-catalyst temperature characteristics and catalyst temperature data gained by road driving test at north part of Japan in winter. As results, N2O emission may drastically increase in colder cities and winter city traffic conditions.