A Mild Hybrid Vehicle Drive Train with a Floating Stator Motor-Configuration, Control Strategy, Design and Simulation Verification 2002-01-1878
Significant amount of energy is lost in frequent braking, automatic transmission and engine idling for a conventional engine powered passenger car while driving in cities. In this paper, a mild hybrid vehicle drive train has been introduced. It uses a small electric motor with floating stator, called TRANSMOTOR and small and a battery pack. The transmotor functions as a generator, engine starter, frictionless clutch (electric torque coupler), regenerative braking and propelling. The mild hybrid drive train can effectively reduce the urban-driving fuel consumption by regenerative braking, eliminate of energy losses in conventional automatic transmission and engine idling. The drive train can use low voltage system (42V for example), due to the low electric power rating, and is more similar to conventional drive train than full hybrid vehicle. Therefore, less effort is needed to evolve it from conventional vehicles. Simulation shows that about 21.3% of fuel economy improvement for a passenger car can be obtained in FTP urban driving cycle with the same performance (acceleration and gradeability) without much change in current automobile drive train.