Strategies for Gasoline Particulate Emission Control - A “Foresight Vehicle” Project 2002-01-1894
The health threat from sub-100 nm particulates, emitted in significant numbers from gasoline vehicles, and anticipated changes in legislation to address this, have prompted investigation of techniques capable of trapping and oxidizing particulates from gasoline engines. Numerical studies have indicated that cooling to encourage particle capture by thermophoresis is less effective than use of electrostatic fields. A laboratory wire-cylinder electrostatic trap is under development, showing promising initial results. As an alternative trapping technique, the effectiveness of a cordierite wall-flow filter has been demonstrated, in simulation experiments and on a GDI-engined vehicle. Catalysts have been identified for particulate oxidation at typical exhaust temperatures, using water vapour and carbon dioxide as the oxygen source and retaining activity after short-term high-temperature aging.