Fuel-Air Mixing Homogeneity and Performance Improvements of a Stratified-Charge DISI Combustion System 2002-01-2656
A CFD based design optimization methodology was developed and adopted to the development of a stratified-charge direct-injection spark ignition (DISI) combustion system. Two key important issues for homogeneous charge operation, volumetric efficiency and mixing homogeneity, are addressed. The intake port is optimized for improved volumetric efficiency with a CFD based numerical optimization tool. It is found that insufficient fuel-air mixing is the root cause for the low rated power of most DISI engines. The fuel-air mixing in-homogeneity is due to the interaction between intake flow and injected fuel spray. An injector mask design was proposed to alleviate such interaction, then to improve air-fuel mixture homogeneity. It was then confirmed with dynamometer testing that the optimized design improved engine output and at the same time had lower soot and CO emissions. The effects of various geometric and operating conditions including engine speed, in-cylinder flow motion, and bowl-in-piston geometry on the fuel-air mixing homogeneity are also discussed in this paper.