Browse Publications Technical Papers 2002-01-2669
2002-10-21

2-D Imaging of Soot Formation Process in a Transient Spray Flame by Laser-induced Fluorescence and Incandescence Techniques 2002-01-2669

In order to investigate the soot formation process in a diesel spray flame, simultaneous imaging of soot precursor and soot particles in a transient spray flame achieved in a rapid compression machine was conducted by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) and by laser-induced incandescence (LII) techniques. The 3rd harmonic (355nm) and the fundamental (1064nm) laser pulses from an Nd:YAG laser, between which a delay of 44ns was imposed by 13.3m of optical path difference, were used to excite LIF from soot precursor and LII from soot particles in the spray flame. The LIF and the LII were separately imaged by two image-intensified CCD cameras with identical detection wavelength of 400nm and bandwidth of 80nm. The LIF from soot precursor was mainly located in the central region of the spray flame between 40 and 55mm (270 to 370 times nozzle orifice diameter d0) from the nozzle orifice. The LII from soot particles was observed to surround the soot precursor LIF region and to extend downstream. First appearance of the LIF from soot precursor in the spray flame preceded the appearance of the LII from soot particles. The intensity of the LIF from soot precursor reached its maximum immediately after rich premixed combustion. In contrast, the intensity of the LII from soot particles increased gradually and reached its maximum after the end of injection. Measured LIF spectra, of the soot precursor in the spray flame, were very broad and showed no apparent spectral structure.

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