Vapor Pressures of Diesel Fuel Oxygenate Blends 2002-01-2850
A gas chromatographic technique was used to determine the vapor pressures of blends of six candidate diesel fuel oxygenates with three diesel fuels at 0, 5, 10, 30, and 100 percent blend levels. Both the oxygenates and the diesel fuels were selected to represent a variety of chemical compositions. The vapor pressures were determined over a range of temperatures from -30 C to +30 C. In each case the fraction of the vapor pressure derived from the oxygenate and the fuel was identified. The vapor pressure results showed that there were significant deviations from ideality, leading to both higher and lower vapor pressures than would be predicted from Raoult's Law. These results are significant for fire safety and evaporative emissions as well as for a more basic understanding of the behavior of these blends. Data were also obtained on the heats of vaporization for each of the blends.