The Effect of POx on the Autoignition Chemistry of n-Heptane and Isooctane in an HCCI Engine 2002-01-2861
Homogeneous charge compression ignition offers the potential for significantly lower NOx emissions and up to a 20% improvement in fuel economy relative to a conventional port fuel injected spark ignition (SI) engine. The most significant challenge to developing a production viable HCCI engine is controlling the phasing of autoignition and the combustion rate across the speed and load range of the engine. This report describes an experimental and computational evaluation of controlling HCCI combustion at low loads by adding partial oxidation gas (POx), CO and H2, to the intake manifold. Experiments were performed using charge dilution obtained through conventional exhaust gas recirculation and by modified valve timings to increase the internal residuals. The experimental results showed that POx gas inhibited the low temperature energy release from n-heptane, but promoted the autoignition of isooctane. The modeling results suggest that when the engine is operated with high internal residuals the autoignition chemistry is dominated by intermediate- and high-temperature chemistry and there is little or no contribution from low- temperature heat release.