Performance and Emission Analysis of the Otto Cycle Engine Converted to Bi-Fuel Gasoline and Natural Gas (VNG) 2002-01-3543
This work presents a full analysis of a bi-fuel engine converted to natural gas and aims to survey the main performance losses and the advantages in specific consumption and toxic emissions. With this purpose, dynamometric tests and curves survey of a Fiat Palio 1.6, 16V engine, according to Standard NBR ISO 1585. Tests were made using diverse mixers, trying to obtain the losses caused by this device when the engine is working with gasoline, after the conversion. Tests were performed for different ignition advances, with manual and electronic VNG flow control systems. Trials for many differents low gear engine regulation, looking for consumption reduction and lower emission rates. The gas pressure reducer was tested with and without heating, showing differents results, mainly for emission rates. Other than comparing different components and different engine operation conditions, an analysis of two different natural gas conversion kits were performed, both extensile used in Brazil. The comparison between the two kits for different working conditions and regulations shows some advantages and disadvantages existent, helping the selection of the most adequate Kit and its components.