This technical paper presents the results of biomechanical testing conducted on the ES-2 dummy by the Occupant Safety Research Partnership and Transport Canada. The ES-2 is a production dummy, based on the EuroSID-1 dummy, that was modified to further improve testing capabilities as recommended by users of the EuroSID-1 dummy. Biomechanical response data were obtained by completing a series of drop, pendulum, and sled tests that are outlined in the International Organization of Standardization Technical Report 9790 that describes biofidelity requirements for the midsize adult male side impact dummy. A few of the biofidelity tests were conducted on both sides of the dummy to evaluate the symmetry of its responses. Full vehicle crash tests were conducted to verify if the changes in the EuroSID-1, resulting in the ES-2 design, did improve the dummy's testing capability. In addition to the biofidelity testing, the ES-2 dummy repeatability, reproducibility and durability are discussed. Finally, this technical paper will compare the biofidelity ratings of the current adult side impact dummies with the ES-2 dummy, which received an overall dummy biofidelity rating of 4.6.
Katie Byrnes, Joseph Abramczyk, Jeff Berliner, Annette Irwin, Jack Jensen, Murthy Kowsika, Harold J. Mertz, Stephen W. Rouhana, Risa Scherer, Yibing Shi, Aleta Sutterfield, Lan Xu, Suzanne Tylko, Dainius Dalmotas
Occupant Safety Research Partnership, Transport Canada
46th Stapp Car Crash Conference (2002)
Stapp Car Crash Journal Vol. 46, 2002-P-383