Analysis of Mixture Formation Process in a Reverse Uniflow-Type Two-Stroke Gasoline DI Engine 2002-32-1774
A reverse uniflow-type two-stroke gasoline direct injection engine, which has potentials of high power weight ratio, high thermal efficiency and low exhaust gas emissions, has been developed and tested. In this study, one of the features of this engine: very low cycle-to-cycle combustion variation at idling condition, is focused to clarify the reasons. To achieve this, a transparent cylinder model engine was designed and built to visualize the in-cylinder mixture formation process, and the free spray characteristics of a swirl-type injector were examined using a large chamber with changing the injection pressure, environmental gas pressure, and the gas temperature. As a result, the reasons of stable idling operation were deduced.
Yasuo MORIYOSHI, Koji MORIKAWA, Hideharu TAKIMOTO
Small Engine Technology Conference & Exposition
SAE 2002 Transactions Journal of Engines-V111-3