24 Noise, Emissions and Fuel Economy Investigation on a Small DI Diesel Using Taguchi Methods 2002-32-1793
To provide optimal performance of a small DI diesel in relation to noise, emissions and fuel economy, an experimental investigation was carried out using Taguchi methods. A single cylinder 3.5 kW diesel was selected for performance test at different engine speeds, loads and static injection timings. These controlled parameters were varied at three levels and the resulting changes in response variables viz. engine noise, smoke, HC, NOx, CO, CO2 emissions and fuel economy (b.s.f.c) were observed. The levels for low noise, smoke, emissions and b.s.f.c could be predicted and relevant combination of controlled parameters specified. Confirmation engine runs were carried out and the results showed good agreement with the predicted optimized quantities of interest based on Taguchi analysis. The effect of engine parameters to the above responses was evaluated in terms of percent contributions by using analysis of variance. Taguchi method of experimental design was found to be more cost-effective for understanding the relationship between diesel engine parameters and noise, emissions and b.s.f.c than full factorial design.
Zaw Win, R. P. Gakkhar, S.C. Jain, M. Bhattacharya
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, India.
Small Engine Technology Conference & Exposition