Browse Publications Technical Papers 2002-32-1813

44 Theoretical Predictions and Experimental Verification of Pass-by Noise Reduction for Small Four-Stroke Motorcycle 2002-32-1813

To meet stringent noise regulations by governing body and customer expectations for quieter machines, design of low noise-emitting vehicle is becoming increasingly critical. Noise from small capacity four-stroke motorcycle is ranked for its noise intensity emitted, by sound intensity technique. Generally, noise form exhaust ranks first among the sources. Theoretical predictions were made to determine the frequency band being attenuated by the exhaust system. Design of Experiments (L25 Fractional factorial -6 factors and 5 levels), a statistical technique, is used for determining critical parameters, which increase the transmission loss of the exhaust system for four-stroke engine. Best combination of design parameters for maximum transmission loss is selected using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Experimental exhaust systems were built based on the theoretical predictions, pass-by noise spectrum were captured and compared. With this technique, significant pass by noise level reduction has been achieved without any deterioration of engine performance like torque, fuel consumption.


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