Response of the Thor-Lx and Hybrid III Lower Extremities in Frontal Sled Tests 2003-01-0161
The objectives of this study were to evaluate and compare the responses, repeatability, and durability of the Thor-Lx/HIIIr and Hybrid III/Denton lower extremities in frontal sled tests. Effectiveness of the two limb types was studied by evaluating responses in different test configurations using existing and proposed Injury Assessment Reference Values (IARVs) for both leg designs. Hybrid III or Thor-Lx legs were attached to the distal femurs of a 50th percentile male Hybrid III dummy, which was subjected to three series of 56 km/h frontal sled tests with and without toepan intrusion. Due to the design differences, many of the absolute response values were different between the Hybrid III and Thor-Lx legs. The expanded measurement capabilities, modified geometry and refined responses of the Thor-Lx limbs provide a more thorough and conservative judgment of injury risk. The Thor-Lx legs produced repeatable results throughout this series of tests and demonstrated sufficient durability under the severe loading conditions.