Journal Bearing Analysis in Engines Using Simulation Techniques 2003-01-0245
This paper describes the features and capabilities of a comprehensive yet flexible computational tool ORBIT developed for analyzing journal bearings (e.g. connecting rod bearings and crankshaft bearings) in internal combustion engines. Several techniques for solving the hydrodynamic Reynolds Equation have been developed within this methodology which can be used appropriately by bearing designers/analysts depending on the level of detail required. Besides ideal circular bearings, this simulation tool also enables the analyst to consider the influence of a) non-circular journal bearing geometry, b) oil-feed holes/grooves, c) surface roughness, d) journal misalignment, e) rise in oil temperature and f) bearing elasticity effects (EHL) on bearing performance. The capabilities of the simulation code are demonstrated through a series of validation and case studies.