Simulation of Pre-Chambers in an Engine Combustion Chamber Using Available Software 2003-01-0373
The presented work deals with possibilities of modeling divided combustion chamber using available 1-D/0-D software. It is usable for indirect injection diesel engines, gas SI engines with pre-chambers for very lean mixture ignition, etc. The model solves all layouts where main cylinder is connected to additional volumes. This connection allows for heat and energy transfer between connected parts. The application of standard ROHR functions (Wiebe, etc.) which are normalized to constant fuel mass is limited. A new marker gas concentration algorithm is proposed for the use of empiric ROHR functions. The standard approach (without proposed algorithm) was tested modeling large-bore gas SI engine with pre-chamber where the mixture is ignited and experimental direct injection hydrogen one-cylinder engine with an additional volume between fuel injector and the cylinder itself to protect the injector from very high pressures and temperatures in the cylinder. The results were compared with available experimental data.