Evaluation of EPS Control Strategy Using Driving Simulator for EPS 2003-01-0582
We have developed a driving simulator for Electric Power Steering (EPS), which can be used to evaluate steering maneuverability on low μ roads. The simulator calculates an 11 DOF (degrees of freedom) vehicle motion based on the steering wheel angle, the accelerator pedal position and the brake pedal position which are operated by the driver. A reaction torque corresponding to the alignment torque is applied to the steering shaft using motors. A 3D CG reproducing the view from the cockpit is displayed on a forward screen.
The simulator also includes column type EPS, which generates the assist torque. Consequently, the driver feels the steering torque with good reality. The tire model we used is non-linear and it enables us to simulate the vehicle dynamics also on slippery roads.
We compared driver behavior in vehicle and simulator tests and found the simulator could evaluate the relationship between steering maneuverability and EPS control strategy even when the road was slippery.