CFD Based Lumped Parameter Method to Predict the Thermal Performance of Brake Rotors in Vehicle 2003-01-0601
The objective of the paper is to outline a CFD based lumped parameter method that compares the thermal performance of brake rotors, predicts the transient temperatures and brake lining wear in vehicle. A two-pronged approach was developed for this purpose. A rotor stand-alone model was used to predict rotor performance curves. Simultaneously heat transfer coefficients of the brake rotor were computed corresponding to the rotor performance curves and the appropriate heat transfer correlations were established. The second part of this approach involved developing a brake model in a vehicle and solving for the air flow through rotors in different vehicles at various speeds. These rotor flows were cross-referenced with the rotor performance curves, generated earlier for that rotor, to compute the heat transfer coefficients in the vehicle. These vehicle heat transfer coefficients were used with the heat inputs obtained from the vehicle dynamics in a lumped capacitance model of a brake rotor to predict the transient brake rotor temperatures.