Effect of Boiling Point Differences of Two-Component Normal Paraffin Fuels on Combustion and Emission in CI Engines 2003-01-0757
The effect of boiling point difference as well as the flash boiling of two-component normal paraffin fuels on combustion and exhaust emission has been examined under different test conditions. To obtain a wide variation in boiling point between components different high boiling point fuels (n-undecane, n-tridecane and n-hexadecane) were blended with a low boiling point fuel (n-pentane) and different low boiling point fuels (n-pentane, n-hexane, and n-heptane) were blended with a high boiling point fuel (n-hexadecane). In addition the volume fraction of n-pentane was varied to have the best mixture ratio with n-tridecane. These fuel combinations exhibit different potential for flash boiling based on a certain ambient condition.
The results indicate that though the potential for flash boiling is the highest for a mixture of n-pentane and n-hexadecane it emits about 20% higher PM than a mixture of n-pentane and n-tridecane. A mixture ratio of about 3:1 by volume of n-pentane and n-tridecane showed an advantageous level of flash boiling and yield the lowest emission at all injection timings and load ranges and is therefore proposed as a low emission fuel.
Citation: Rahman, M., Suzuki, H., Ishii, H., Goto, Y. et al., "Effect of Boiling Point Differences of Two-Component Normal Paraffin Fuels on Combustion and Emission in CI Engines," SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-0757, 2003, https://doi.org/10.4271/2003-01-0757. Download Citation