Measuring Bulk Properties of Sound-Absorbing Materials Using the Two-Source Method 2003-01-1586
The two-source method was used to measure the bulk properties (complex characteristic impedance and complex wavenumber) of sound-absorbing materials, and results were compared to those obtained with the more commonly used two-cavity method. The results indicated that the two-source method is superior to the two-cavity method for materials having low absorption. Several applications using bulk properties are then presented. These include: (1) predicting the absorptive properties of an arbitrary thickness absorbing material or (2) layered material and (3) using bulk properties for a multi-domain boundary element analysis.