Mechanical Properties of Friction Materials and the Effect on Brake System Stability 2003-01-1619
This study utilizes complex eigenvalue analysis to investigate the sensitivity of dynamic system stability to the mechanical properties of the friction material. The friction material is modeled as a transverse isotropic material exhibiting different in-plane and out-of-plane moduli. Parametric studies are performed to evaluate system stability under various combinations of these properties.
The initial analysis results show good correlation with laboratory testing for both squeal frequency and mode shape. Additional laboratory testing reveals a change in friction material can have a significant effect on the noise performance of a system. Analysis was performed with corresponding friction materials and the results were directionally consistent. This helped to validate the analysis model and establish confidence in the analysis results. In general, for the specific system considered, decreasing both in-plane and out-of-plane moduli encouraged system stability. While absolute trends are difficult to define and these findings may not be evident with all systems, they may be useful during system development or diagnostic analysis.