Review of Wet Friction Component Models for Automatic Transmission Shift Analysis 2003-01-1665
In a step-ratio automatic transmission system, wet friction components are widely utilized to alter planetary gear configurations for automatic shifting. Thus, their engagement characteristics have a direct impact on shift quality or drivetrain NVH. A vehicle design process can benefit from predictive friction component models that allow analytical shift quality evaluation, leading to reduced development time. However, their practical application to shift analysis is seldom discussed in the literature although there are many references available for friction component modeling itself. A successful shift analysis requires a balance of model complexity, predictability and computational efficiency for a given objective. This paper reviews three types of friction component models found in today's open literature, namely, first principle based, algebraic, and empirical models. Model structure, assumptions, computational efficiency, and utilities are discussed. Illustrative examples are given to demonstrate model applications to shift analysis.