Optimal Shape Design of an Air-Conditioner Compressor-Mounting Bracket in a Passenger Car 2003-01-1667
An air-conditioner compressor-mounting bracket is a structural component of an engine, on which bolts attach an air-conditioner compressor. In this paper, the shape of the air-conditioner compressor-mounting bracket of a passenger car is optimized using a finite element software, and the optimized bracket is manufactured and verified by tests. An objective function for the shape optimization of the bracket is the weight of the bracket. Two design constraints on the bracket are the first resonant frequency of the compressor assembly and the need not to fracture during the workbench durability test. The compressor assembly, which consists of a compressor, a bracket and connection bolts, is modeled using finite elements. The bracket is modeled by solid elements and the swash-plate-type compressor is represented by rigid masses and beam elements in order to consider the elastic effects of the compressor. For simulation of the dynamics stresses in the durability test, the large mass method is used. The design variable is the shape of the bracket including thickness profiles of the front and back surfaces of the bracket, radius of outer boltholes, and side edge profiles. The coordinates of the FE nodes control the shape parameters. Optimal shapes of the bracket are obtained by using SOL200 of MSC/NASTRAN. The verification tests are conducted on the workbench and in a full vehicle. Test results shows that the developed optimization procedure of the bracket are valid in the complex real world.