Browse Publications Technical Papers 2003-01-1669
2003-05-05

Oil Film Dynamic Characteristics for Journal Bearing Elastohydrodynamic Analysis Based on a Finite Difference Formulation 2003-01-1669

A fast and accurate journal bearing elastohydrodynamic analysis is presented based on a finite difference formulation. The governing equations for the oil film pressure, stiffness and damping are solved using a finite difference approach. The oil film domain is discretized using a rectangular two-dimensional finite difference mesh. In this new formulation, it is not necessary to generate a global fluidity matrix similar to a finite element based solution. The finite difference equations are solved using a successive over relaxation (SOR) algorithm. The concept of “Influence Zone,” for computing the dynamic characteristics is introduced. The SOR algorithm and the “Influence Zone” concept significantly improve the computational efficiency without loss of accuracy. The new algorithms are validated with numerical results from the literature and their numerical efficiency is demonstrated. Comparisons are also made to a finite element code, which utilizes a sophisticated mass conservation cavitation algorithm. The latter code is currently used in industrial applications as a rigid hydrodynamic bearing analysis tool. The developed lubrication module is ideal for engine dynamic crankshaft-block interaction studies with flexible crankshaft and block structures.

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