Eliminating Piston Slap through a Design for Robustness CAE Approach 2003-01-1728
Piston slap is a problem that plagues many engines. One of the most difficult aspects of designing to eliminate piston slap is that slight differences in operating conditions and in part geometries from build to build can create large differences in the magnitude of piston slap. In this paper we will describe a design for robustness CAE approach to eliminating piston slap. This approach considers the variations of the significant control factors in the design, e.g. piston pin offset, piston skirt design, etc. as well as the variation in the noise factors the system is subjected to, e.g. assembly clearance, skirt collapse, peak cylinder pressure, cylinder pressure rise rate, and location of peak cylinder pressure.
Using analytical knowledge about how these various factors impact the generation of piston slap, a piston design for low levels of piston slap can be determined that is robust to the various noise factors. This paper will describe the analytical and statistical techniques used in this robustness design procedure.