A Coupled 1D/3D Simulation for the Flow Behaviour inside a Close-Coupled Catalytic Converter 2003-01-1875
This paper describes the coupling of a 1D engine simulation code (Ricardo WAVE) to a 3D CFD code (STAR-CD) to study the flow behaviour inside a Close-Coupled Catalytic converter (CCC). A SI engine was modelled in WAVE and the CCC modelled in STAR-CD. The predictions of the stand-alone WAVE model were validated against engine bed tests before the coupled 1D/3D simulations were performed at 3000 RPM WOT for both motored and firing conditions. The predicted exhaust velocities downstream of the catalyst monolith in the coupled simulations matched fairly well with Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA) measurements.