Development and Verification of the New Thermal Control System of the Automated Transfer Vehicle 2003-01-2466
The Automated Transfer Vehicle will provide ISS with reboost, attitude control functions, with water, gas and propellant and with dry cargo. It is a 20 tons expendable vehicle launched by Ariane. It performs a rendezvous and docking with the Russian Segment. It remains attached up to 6 months before a destructive reentry.
During PDR campaign, it was decided to change the ATV Thermal Control System from semi-passive (see reference 1) to active system to comply with electrical power budget and get the ATV power autonomy. This system is based on 40 Variable Conductance Heat Pipes controlling the heat rejection of the avionics items toward space.
This paper presents the new thermal control system of the ATV and its verification and qualification logic.