The Evolution of LADA Cars Recyclability 2003-01-2822
The automotive industry and mobile transport cause serious environmental problems as they are the main consumers of natural resources, energy as well as sources of environment pollution. Up-to-date international norms and requirements define responsibility of the producer for its product on all stages of its life. All that concerns ecologically harmful substances which may content in materials, toxicity of exhausted gases, impact on soil, hydrosphere and atmosphere, including green-house effect and destruction of ozone layer, and also end-of-life vehicle utilization.
Although automobile scrap accounts for about 2–3% of the total scrap that is taken to landfills for disposal, the public perceives this percentage to be much higher. Available landfills are rapidly filling and new space is increasingly more difficult to locate. Dismantling, recycling and utilization of end-of-life vehicles (ELV) are components of the vehicle total life cycle (TLC) and exert great influence on total ecological parameters of vehicle during its complex interactions with human beings and nature.
In this work we researched and analyzed the recyclability of all basic LADA families, produced by AVTOVAZ. During development and manufacturing new LADA cars AVTOVAZ specialists realize the responsibility for total life of their cars and direct their efforts to meeting European ecological norms and up-to-date tendencies of world automotive engineering: reduction of harmful substances, toxicity of exhausted gases, applying more qualitative materials, suitability of end-of life vehicles for dismantling, and recycling of parts and materials.
Plastic parts have marking as per ISO and VDA Standard.
Special catalogues on disassembly and recycling exist for all cars in series production.
A computer-aided system for storing information is under development. The system will include complete information on LADA cars for the purposes of disassembly, sorting and recycling.
The use of environmentally harmful materials and substances such as cadmium, barium, lead, mercury, asbestos, CFCs is eliminated or reduced.
The choice of materials is based on their suitability for further utilization.