Life Cycle Inventory Study of the UltraLight Steel Auto Body - Advanced Vehicle Concepts Vehicle Product System 2003-01-2838
A life cycle inventory (LCI) study evaluates the environmental performance of the ULSAB-AVC (UltraLight Steel Auto Body - Advanced Vehicle Concepts) vehicle product system. The LCI quantifies the inputs and outputs of each life cycle stage of the ULSAB-AVC PNGV-gas engine vehicle (998 kg) over the 193,000 km service lifetime of the vehicle. The use phase of the ULSAB-AVC PNGV-diesel engine variant (1031 kg) is also quantified. The data categories measured for each life cycle phase include resource and energy consumption, air and water pollutant emissions, and solid waste production.
The ULSAB-AVC LCI study is based on the methods, model and data from the 1999 study by the United States Automotive Materials Partnership (USAMP), a consortium within the United States Council for Automotive Research. This model was modified to represent the ULSAB-AVC PNGV-gas engine vehicle for each life cycle phase as well as the use phase of the PNGV-diesel engine variant. The modifications included the incorporation of updated steel LCI data from the International Iron and Steel Institute, and the use of EU4 standards (2005) for vehicle emissions. Primary energy consumption for the ULSAB-AVC PNGV-gas engine vehicle was found to be 484 GJ over its entire life cycle.
Citation: Smith, V., Keoleian, G., Williams, R., and Chubbs, S., "Life Cycle Inventory Study of the UltraLight Steel Auto Body - Advanced Vehicle Concepts Vehicle Product System," SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-2838, 2003, https://doi.org/10.4271/2003-01-2838. Download Citation
Vanessa M. Smith, Gregory A. Keoleian, Ronald L. Williams, Scott T. Chubbs
University of Michigan, Center for Sustainable Systems, General Motors, International Iron and Steel Institute
International Body Engineering Conference & Exposition