Experimental Investigation into the Liquid Sheet Break-Up of High-Pressure DISI Swirl Atomizers 2003-01-3102
This paper presents the results of an experimental study into the liquid sheet break-up mechanisms of high-pressure swirl atomizers of the type commonly used in direct-injection spark-ignition (DISI) engines. Sheet disintegration was investigated at two fuel pressures: 5 and 10 MPa, and three ambient back pressures: 50, 100 (atmospheric) and 200 kPa for a pre-production DISI injector. Microscopic images of the near-nozzle spray region were obtained with a high-speed rotating drum camera and copper vapour laser. For the range of conditions considered, the results show the initial break-up to occur in ‘perforated-sheet’ mode. A novel ‘void fraction’ analysis technique was applied to multiple images from the steady-state period of a single injection event in order to characterise and quantify details of the sheet break-up process. The sheet break-up lengths obtained by the authors were compared with the break-up lengths predicted by three commonly employed models from the literature. In general, the break-up lengths measured experimentally were substantially greater than model predictions.