Emissions from Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine with EGR using Fuels Derived from Oil Sands and Conventional Crude 2003-01-3144
The exhaust emissions from a single-cylinder version of a heavy-duty diesel engine with exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) were studied using 12 diesel fuels derived from oil sands and conventional sources. The test fuels were blended from 22 refinery streams to produce four fuels (two from each source) at three different total aromatic levels (10, 20, and 30% by mass). The cetane numbers were held constant at 43. Exhaust emissions were measured using the AVL eight-mode steady-state test procedure. PM emissions were accurately modeled by a single regression equation with two predictors, total aromatics and sulphur content. Sulphate emissions were found to be independent of the type of sulphur compound in the fuel. NOx emissions were accurately modeled by a single regression equation with total aromatics and density as predictor variables. PM and NOx emissions were significantly significantly affected by fuel properties, but crude oil source did not play a role.
Citation: Neill, W., Chippior, W., Cooley, J., Doma, M. et al., "Emissions from Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine with EGR using Fuels Derived from Oil Sands and Conventional Crude," SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-3144, 2003, https://doi.org/10.4271/2003-01-3144. Download Citation
W. Stuart Neill, Wallace L. Chippior, Jean Cooley, Mike Doma, Craig Fairbridge, Robert Falkiner, Robert L. McCormick, Ken Mitchell
National Research Council Canada, Syncrude Canada Ltd., Suncor Energy Inc., National Centre for Upgrading Technology, Imperial Oil Ltd., National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Shell Canada Products
SAE Powertrain & Fluid Systems Conference & Exhibition
Diesel Particulate Systems, Engines and Components, and Engine Performance Additives-SP-1802, SAE 2003 Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants-V112-4