Experimental Study on Unregulated Emission Characteristics of Turbocharged DI Diesel Engine with Common Rail Fuel Injection System 2003-01-3158
In this study, we selected four unregulated emissions species, formaldehyde, benzene, 1,3-butadiene and benzo[a]pyrene to research the emission characteristics of these unregulated components experimentally. The engine used was a water-cooled, 8-liter, 6-cylinder, 4-stroke-cycle, turbocharged DI diesel engine with a common rail fuel injection system manufactured for the use of medium-duty trucks, and the fuel used was JIS second-class light gas oil, which is commercially available as diesel fuel.
The results of experiments indicate as follows: formaldehyde tends to be emitted under the low load condition, while 1,3-butadiene is emitted at the low engine speed. This is believed to be because 1,3-butadiene decomposes in a short time, and the exhaust gas stays much longer in a cylinder under the low speed condition than under the high engine speed one. Benzene is emitted under the low load condition, as it is easily oxidized in high temperature. Benzo[a]pyrene exists in the gas phase, because its boiling point is about 750K (at 128kPa). Once gaseous benzo[a]pyrene condenses, it is trapped by a filter with soot or sulfate. If it stays in the high temperature area, large part of it is oxidized. Consequently, benzo[a]pyrene is not emitted in great quantity under the high load condition.
Citation: Takada, K., Yoshimura, F., Ohga, Y., Kusaka, J. et al., "Experimental Study on Unregulated Emission Characteristics of Turbocharged DI Diesel Engine with Common Rail Fuel Injection System," SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-3158, 2003, https://doi.org/10.4271/2003-01-3158. Download Citation