The Effect of Di-Tertiary Butyl Peroxide (DTBP) Addition to Gasoline on HCCI Combustion 2003-01-3170
A combination of engine experiments and modeling was used to investigate the effectiveness of adding di-tertiary butyl peroxide (DTBP) to gasoline to extend the light load limit in a homogeneous charge compression-ignition (HCCI) engine. The light load combustion stability limit at an engine speed of 1000 rev/min was reduced from a fueling rate of 9 mg/cycle with neat gasoline to 6.2 mg/cycle with 15% DTBP addition. A companion modeling study was performed using a three-zone, zero-dimensional engine model combined with detailed chemical kinetics. The fuel used in the model was composed of 85% iso-octane and 15% n-heptane. The model yielded trends which were similar to the experimental results. In particular, a linear relationship was found between the experimentally measured minimum fueling rate and the calculated location of maximum energy release rate for various levels of DTBP addition. The modeling also provided insight into the important reaction paths which were likely to be responsible for the experimental observations.