The Dynamics of Previously Conducted Full-Scale Heavy Vehicle Rollover Crashes 2003-01-3384
The impact dynamics of full-scale heavy-vehicle rollover events were quantitatively evaluated. Videotapes of a variety of rollover events were collected. One tractor-semitrailer combination was rolled by a sudden steer, two combinations rolled after a barrier impact, and one straight truck was pulled down an embankment. The videotapes were analyzed to estimate the vehicles' roll rates and their vertical velocities upon striking the ground.
These experimental values corroborate the results of vehicle dynamic simulations that had been previously conducted to replicate actual rollover crashes. Those crashes were the subject of an NTSB Special Investigation Report that examined the crashworthiness of cargo tank trucks carrying hazardous materials.