New Procedure for Noise Source Mapping During Pass-By Noise Measurements 2003-01-3734
Acoustic source identification is an important issue in both early and prototype validation stages of NVH design. OEMs and suppliers need to assess the entire description of vehicle noise emission, to understand and address interior comfort and exterior radiation issues. Today, none of the existing methods allow engineers to get a quick snapshot of sources contributing to the external pressure level affecting pass-by noise emission compliance, requiring long and arduous testing projects with & without physically masked components.
A new acoustic imaging technique provides an important solution. The method is based on a microphone array. Like a camera, but unlike current holographic methods, the software delivers focused, near-realtime 2D colour snapshots and movies, corresponding to the sound pressure level at the region of interest. Typically, the entire side of a vehicle can be analysed during one pass-by run.
Examples are given to demonstrate the time-space or frequency-space resolution of mappings, using one data set for numerous configuration analyses in a very short time. The technique is also being used successfully for trains, aircraft, trucks, tractors, and other vehicles for optimising exterior sound radiation characteristics