Simulation of Scooter Crankcase Failure Using FEM and Dynamic Testing in Laboratory 2003-32-0043
Scooters are becoming increasingly popular in India. Competition in this segment has forced the product developers to put focus on development time reduction and quality improvement. Any physical failure of critical parts in the actual customer usage conditions can delay the product launch. The present study is about simulation of failure of crankcase during field trials. This involved creation of Finite Element model, evolution of proper loading and boundary conditions which capture the failure area, development of a static and an accelerated dynamic test in laboratory to reproduce the field failure, the optimization of the crankcase design through FEM to achieve acceptable stress values at critical areas and validation of these results through newly developed laboratory tests. Simultaneously, field trials, which initially produced this failure were conducted and no failures were observed. Thus, the current study has saved time of actual field trials (3∼4 weeks) after the redesign. Development of evaluation procedure through FEM for the new failure mode and two new laboratory tests replacing the expensive and time consuming on road endurance tests are among the other benefits from this study.