Design Optimization for Reliability and Robustness 2004-01-0237
Research in design optimization methods has increasingly become concerned with mathematical treatment of uncertainties in system demands and capacity, boundary conditions, component interactions, and available resources. Recent efforts in this context seek to integrate advances in two directions: computational reliability analysis methods and deterministic design optimization. Much current work is focused on developing computationally efficient strategies for such integration, using de-coupled or single loop formulations instead of earlier nested formulations. The extension of reliability-based optimization to include robustness requirements leads to multi-objective optimization under uncertainty. Another important application concerns multidisciplinary problems, where the various reliability constraints are evaluated in different disciplinary analysis codes and there is feedback coupling between the codes. Applications of recently developed methods to automotive and aerospace design problems are discussed, and new directions for further research are outlined.