Lateral Injury Criteria for the 6-year-old Pedestrian - Part I: Criteria for the Head, Neck, Thorax, Abdomen and Pelvis 2004-01-0323
Pediatric pedestrians are frequently involved in Pedestrian versus Motor Vehicle Collisions (PMVCs). While in recent years, the automotive industry has worked towards making cars less aggressive to pedestrians, the efforts have mainly focused on adult pedestrian safety. When they have included considerations for children, only head injuries have been evaluated. The development of automotive counter-measures that provide protection for both adult and pediatric pedestrians requires access to injury criteria for the entire body that specifically account for both the age-dependent tissue properties and the pedestrian's size. The objective of the present study is to derive lateral injury criteria for the head, neck, thorax, abdomen and pelvis that can be used in finite element and multi-body simulations of PMVCs involving the 6-year-old pedestrian (corresponding injury criteria for the upper and lower extremities are derived in part II of this study). The methods used for deriving these injury criteria include scaling of published results from experimental testing of adult and pediatric cadaveric materials and scaling of published adult injury criteria.
Citation: Ivarsson, B., Crandall, J., Longhitano, D., and Okamoto, M., "Lateral Injury Criteria for the 6-year-old Pedestrian - Part I: Criteria for the Head, Neck, Thorax, Abdomen and Pelvis," SAE Technical Paper 2004-01-0323, 2004, https://doi.org/10.4271/2004-01-0323. Download Citation
B. Johan Ivarsson, Jeff R. Crandall, Douglas Longhitano, Masayoshi Okamoto
University of Virginia Center for Applied Biomechanics, Honda R&D Americas, Inc., Honda R&D Co., Ltd., Japan