Crash Simulations to Understand Injury Mechanisms in Maneuver Induced Rollover Crashes 2004-01-0330
Real world crashes in NASS/CDS 1997 to 2000 were examined individually in order to find patterns in single vehicle rollover crashes. Typical maneuver induced rollovers of SUV's were reconstructed using the HVE model. From HVE and roll event reconstructions, the values of longitudinal, lateral, and vertical displacement, and roll, pitch, and yaw angle, for the pre-roll and rollover event were calculated. These values were used as inputs to a MADYMO model for simulated vehicle motion to predict occupant kinematics. Both near-side and far-side rollovers were simulated. The MADYMO model provided estimates of head velocity for the various rollover scenarios for a belted driver. In both near-side and far-side rollovers of the type reconstructed, the lateral component of head velocity was the greatest. Maximum head velocities of 5.3 m/s were predicted. The simulations were for two complete rollovers. The highest head velocity occurred during the first three quarter turns. Partial ejection of the head was predicted in the far-side rollover but not the near-side rollover.