Flow around an Isolated Wheel - Experimental and Numerical Comparison of Two CFD Codes 2004-01-0445
This paper presents velocity and pressure measurements obtained around an isolated wheel in a rotating and stationary configuration. The flow field was investigated using LDA and a total pressure probe in the model scale wind tunnel at IVK/FKFS. Drag and lift were determined for both configurations as well as for the wheel support only. These results were used as a reference for comparing numerical results obtained from two different CFD codes used in the automotive industry, namely STAR-CD™ and PowerFLOW™.
The comparison gives a good overall agreement between the experimental and the simulated data. Both CFD codes show good correlation of the integral forces. The influence of the wheel rotation on drag and lift coefficients is predicted well.
All mean flow structures which can be found in the planes measured with LDA can be recognized in the numerical results of both codes. Only small local differences remain, which can be attributed to the different CFD codes. The numerical results can also be used to show that the experimental total pressure measurements have to be considered carefully when used to represent the flow field.
Alexander Wäschle, Stephane Cyr, Timo Kuthada, Jochen Wiedemann
DaimlerChrysler AG, University of Sherbrooke, Institute of Combustion Engines and Vehicle Engineering, University of Stuttgart (IVK) Research Institute of Automotive Engineering and Vehicle Engines, Stuttgart (FKFS)