SCREENING STUDY TO EVALUATE SHREDDER RESIDUE MATERIALS 2004-01-0468
The Vehicle Recycling Partnership (VRP) initiated feasibility studies to evaluate the use of automated separation processes to recover plastics and polyurethane (PU) foams from shredder residue. One of the prevailing issues impeding the commercial success of these processes is contamination of the shredder materials. The contaminants include dirt, oils, glass, metal fines, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and heavy metals. The presence of PCBs and heavy metals was determined in a number of mixed plastics and PU foam samples separated using an automated separation process. An aqueous cleaning approach was investigated using various commercial surfactants to determine their effectiveness for removing oils, PCBs, and heavy metals. Mass balances of processed and cleaned materials were calculated to determine the cleaning efficiencies of the various surfactants.