New Methods of Side Impact Simulation for Better Waveform Reproduction and Door Interaction 2004-01-0474
As a result of the severity of occupant injuries during a side impact collision, there has been an escalating demand for accurate component level side impact simulation. Three major components for accurate simulation are accurate door velocity, door to seat relative velocity, and door deformation. This paper shows data demonstrating accurate door velocity reproduction, presents test methods to passively and actively control relative seat to door velocity in a non destructive manner, and presents test methods to simulate real time door deformation in a destructive manner. All side impact waveforms include a negative acceleration, high positive accelerations, high jerk, and high frequency content that add to the complexity of this simulation. The simulated door velocity is produced by means of a MTS deceleration brake that only applies a braking force during the deceleration portion of the waveform to maximize acceleration capacity. The proposed methodologies introduce a controlled damper technology (patent pending) to actively control the transmitted forces between independent components during the simulation.