Torque Vectoring AWD Driveline: Design, Simulation, Capabilities and Control 2004-01-0863
This paper reports interim developments and findings prior to completion of an extensive R&D program that encompasses novel driveline hardware including an electrical modulation element to bias front and rear propeller shaft torque, and the control of this type of active driveline in respect of traction and vehicle dynamics. The AWD hardware has been fitted to a BMW X5 vehicle, with a winter test planned for January 2004 prior to wider demonstration.
Specifically, the following are discussed:
The AWD market.
Functional description of the novel torque biasing hardware including EASY5™ simulation results of the device and its influence upon the relative slip of the front and rear axles.
Hardware elements of the variable torque bias coupling.
Novel features such as a dual-drive lubrication system, a practical design for driveline torque sensing, and the hybrid vehicle potential of the device with additional connectivity for the e-machine.
Simulation environment for vehicle dynamics applied with IPG™ CarMaker™ and Simulink™ RTW™. Software Implementation using ASCET-SD™.
Traction control strategy and simulation results.
Yaw velocity control and simulation results.
Calibration of vehicle handling characteristics.
Review of benchmarking data for a BMW X5.
Novel actuation and driveline devices: MRF actuator and modulation devices for driveline.
Conclusions to date.
On completion of this project further publications will provide validated results and further analysis. The reader will appreciate that extensive description of all project facets cannot be accommodated within the confines of a single paper.